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Football betting terms
Astroturf: a non-grass surface of the football field.
Audible: verbal commands of the quarterback.
Backfield: the part of the football field behind the scrimmage line.
Back: a quarterback, one of the running backs, a safety or a cornerback.
Ball carrier: a football player with a ball.
Bet: a football wager.
Blitz: itís a football play where defensive players charge across the line of scrimmage trying to sack a quarterback.
Block: an attempt to stop a defensive football player from attacking an offensive ball carrier.
Book: a betting establishment that determines the odds and accepts bets from the public.
Bookie or a bookmaker: a person who handles the bets.
Bomb: a long pass to a receiver.
Clipping: itís an illegal block when a football player is attacked from behind and below the waist.
Completion or complete pass: a forward pass successfully caught by a football player without a ball hitting the ground.
Conferences: two groups of football teams, which National Football League is divided into; a National and American conferences.
Conversion: a successful one-point score after a try-for-point attempt.
Cover: a defending football player follows an offensive player trying to prevent him from catching a pass.
Crossbar: a horizontal bar connecting the vertical uprights of the football goalpost.
Cut back: a running maneuver of quick change in direction by a ball carrier to avoid football defenders.
Dead ball: the ball is dead when the play is over.
Defensive backfield Ė itís the group of football players consisting of the safeties and cornerbacks.
Defensive holding: an illegal block of an offensive football player where a defender uses his hands.
Defensive line: the group of football players consisting of two tackles and two ends.
Direct pass: a pass from the football center to a backfield player who is few yards behind the scrimmage line.
Double coverage: the situation where two defensive players cover one receiver or two offensive players block one defender.
Double foul: both football teams violate the rule on the same down.
Down: one of the four chances of offensive team to gain at least ten yards.
Down the field: it means the direction toward the opposite teamís goal line.
Draft pick: a player picked by the football club from the pool of qualified players.
Drop back: a football quarterback moves few steps back after a snap into the pocket to make a pass.
Drop kick: the football is kicked after it has been dropped and rebounded off the ground.
Eligible receiver: a football player who is permitted by the rules to catch a forward pass.
Encroachment: a football player steps into a neutral zone before the snap and makes a contact with an opponent.
End lines: the lines at both ends of the football field.
End zones: the areas of the football field at both ends of the field, which are bounded by the end line, goal line and side lines.
Edge: an advantage.
Even money: even odds.
Even odds: a 50/50 betting proposition.
Extra point: a point that a team scores after it has scored a touchdown.
Fair catch: an unobstructed catch of a ball after a kick that requires a football player to raise his hand above his head during the flight of the ball.
Favorite: a football team, which is favored to win the game.
Field goal: a place kick that earns three points when the ball goes above the crossbar between two upright posts of the football goalpost.
Field position: a position of the team on the football field in relation to the goal lines. The closer to the opponentís goal line the better the position is.
First down: it means that a team gained at least 10 yards after first four attempts.
Forward pass: a pass thrown by a football player toward the opposite teamís goal line.
Foul: a violation of one of the football rules.
Free kick: a kick, which a defensive team can not interfere with; itís used to start or restart a play after a team has scored.
Fumble: the situation when a ball carrier drops the ball; a football team, which gets the loose ball becomes the offensive team.
Goal line: the line across the football field 10 yards from the end lines. The area between the goal and end line is called the end zone.
Goalpost: one of the two vertical 18 Ĺ feet posts connected by the crossbar.
Halftime: the 15-minute break between two halves of the football match.
Handicapping: analyzing all factors relevant to a football game with the purpose of predicting an outcome of the game.
Handoff: a football play where the quarterback hands a ball to one of the backs.
Holding: a foul where a football player grabs a uniform or a part of the opponentís body to stop his movement.
Home game: a game on the teamís stadium.
Illegal procedure: it happens when an offensive football player moves before the ball is snapped.
Incomplete pass: a football pass that results in the ball touching the ground before being caught or going out of bounds.
Intentional grounding: a football foul, which happens when a quarterback intentionally throws an incomplete pass to avoid being sacked.
Interception: it happens when a football defender catches the pass.
Kick-off: a place kick which starts the half of the football game or restarts the game after the score.
Lateral: a football pass that goes backward or to any side of the football field.
Laying the points: to bet on the favorite team by giving up points in the process.
Line of scrimmage: a line that can not be crossed by a football player until the snap is made.
Lineman: a football player standing one yard behind the scrimmage line; he can be a center, a guard, a tackle or an end.
Live ball: a ball thatís in play after a snap or a free kick-off.
Loose ball: a fumbled ball that can be recovered by any of the two football teams.
Midfiled: the middle of the football field marked by the 50-yard line.
Muff: it happens when a football player touches the ball during unsuccessful attempt to get a possession of a loose ball.
Neutral zone: the area of the football field between an offensive and defensive scrimmage lines.
Offense: a team in possession of the ball.
Official: any one of the seven football judges on the field.
Offside: a foul that happens when any part of a football playerís body crosses his line of scrimmage.
Open receiver: a football receiver that is not covered by a player.
Out of bonds: the area, which includes the side and end lines and outside of those lines.
Pass defender: a defensive football player covering an offensive teamís receiver.
Pass interference: an illegal interference by a defensive player to prevent an offensive player from catching a pass.
Penalty: a punishment for the violation of the football rules.
Penalty marker: a small yellow flag put on the ground by a football official to indicate that the rule violation has taken place.
Personal foul: a hard foul that can cause an injury or displays a very bad sportsmanship.
Place kick: a kick when the ball is in the fixed position on the ground standing on the tee or held by a teammate.
Playoffs: the post-season tournament ending with the Super Bowl game for the National Football League championship.
Pocket: the area of the football field behind the offensive scrimmage line where a quarterback is protected by the linemen and where he sets up for a throw.
Point spread: a difference between the scores of the football teams in the upcoming match predicted by the sportsbook.
Possession: it means having and controlling the ball.
Punt: a kick done after a snap 10 yards behind the scrimmage by a football player who drops the ball and kicks it before it can reach the ground.
Pylon: an orange marker placed at the corners of the football end zones.
Quarterback: a football player who is the leader of a teamís offence; he receives the ball after a snap from the center and either hands it to a running back, makes a pass to a receiver or runs with the ball himself.
Receiver: an offensive football player who is supposed to try to catch a forward pass and carry the ball into an end zone.
Recovery: getting a possession of a fumbled ball.
Return: an attempt by a defensive football player who got the ball as the result of the interception, a punt or a kickoff to run with the ball in the opposite direction.
Roll out: a quarterbackís run parallel to the scrimmage line in search of a receiver.
Rush: itís a running play in football.
Sack: it means to tackle down a football quarterback behind his scrimmage line.
Safety: a situation when the ball is dead in the end zone where it was brought to by a ball carrier that was tackled down.
Scrambling: the football quarterbackís maneuvers to avoid sack attempts by the defense.
Series: the sequence of 4 downs with the purpose of gaining 10 yards.
Side lines: the lines on each side of the football field that go from one end line to the opposite one.
Snap: the pass of the football by the center between his legs to the quarterback.
Spike: to throw the football down to the ground intentionally.
Spiral: a football thrown with the strong spinning motion for a better accuracy and longer distance.
Super Bowl: a championship game of the National football League.
Tackle: a football player on offensive and defensive teams positioned on the offensive and defensive lines.
Taking the points: to bet on the underdog and get an advantage in points.
Touchdown: it means crossing with the ball of an opponentís goal line, catching the pass in the end zone or getting a possession of a loose ball in the end zone; a touchdown earns a football team 6 points.
Turnover: loosing the possession of the football because of the fumble or interception.
Underdog: a football team, which is not favored to win the match.
Yardage: the distance lost or gained by the team in result of the play from scrimmage.
Yard lines: the lines crossing at 5 yards intervals the football field parallel to the end lines.
Copyright Progress Publishing Co. 2006
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